April 14, 2024

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Belt & Road Guiding Cases; Regulating AI; AI and Courts; Judicial Mediation | “一带一路”指导性案例;监管人工智能;人工智能与法院;司法调解

cgcp-announcement-20190402
China Legislation Join (Concern four) deal with and The Tidings of Spring |《中国法律连接》(第4期)封面与《春讯》

This publication addresses:

  • 6 Belt & Road Guiding Instances and AmCham Converse
  • The CGCP’s Worldwide Affect
  • China Legislation Connect (Concern four): Judicial Mediation, Regulating AI, and AI and Courts
  • A Grant from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation & How to Acquire China Legislation Connect Online to Maintain the CGCP
  • “Call for Submissions”, Submission Tips, Leveraging the CGCP’s Know-how

本期简讯包括:

  • 六个“一带一路”指导性案例与中美商会座谈
  • CGCP的全球影响
  • 《中国法律连接》(第4期):司法调解、监管人工智能、人工智能与法院
  • 威廉与弗洛拉·休利特基金会的资助及如何在线购买《中国法律连接》以支持CGCP
  • “诚挚邀稿”、投稿指引、发挥CGCP专长

6 Belt & Road Guiding Instances and AmCham Converse | 六个“一带一路”指导性案例与中美商会座谈

On February 25, 2019, the Supreme People’s Courtroom (the “SPC”) of China introduced 6 new Guiding Instances (“GCs”), bringing the full variety of China’s de facto binding precedents to 112.  Extra importantly, this marked the launch of the initial established of GCs that are associated to the improvement of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (the “BRI”), demonstrating the SPC’s endeavours in advertising China’s worldwide investment decision program by clarifying associated legal ambiguities by means of GCs.

2019年2月25日,中国最高人民法院(“最高法”)发布了六个指导性案例,使中国具有事实上约束力的案例总数达到112个。更重要的是,这标志着第一批与中国“一带一路”倡议发展相关的指导性案例的发布,体现了最高法致力通过指导性案例阐明法律含糊之处来推动这全球投资计划。

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Photo (from remaining to correct): Presenters Dr. Mei Gechlik and Choose GUO Feng (Deputy Director, Exploration Workplace of the Supreme People’s Courtroom), and moderator Mr. Lester Ross (member of the Board of Governors, American Chamber of Commerce in China) | 照片(由左至右):发言人熊美英博士、 郭锋法官(最高人民法院研究室副主任)、主持人Lester Ross先生(中国美国商会理事会成员)

The China Guiding Instances Job (the “CGCP”) welcomes this step taken by the SPC.  In actuality, in June 2017, through a seminar titled “Guiding Instances and China’s Belt and Road Initiative” organized by the American Chamber of Commerce in China(AmCham), Dr. Mei Gechlik, Founder and Director of the CGCP, described the vital part of GCs in the improvement of the BRI.  She also urged Choose GUO Feng of the SPC, who was yet another speaker that day and who oversees the variety of GCs, to look at releasing BRI-associated GCs (see https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/amcham-converse-visit-tongzhou-court-food-chinese-drugs-mei-gechlik). In light of this recommendation produced in 2017, it is encouraging to see the SPC choose this step now.

中国指导性案例项目(“CGCP”)欢迎最高法迈出了这一步。事实上,2017年6月,在由中国美国商会(AmCham主办的题为《指导性案例和中国“一带一路”倡议》的研讨会上,CGCP创办人、总监熊美英博士解释了指导性案例对“一带一路”倡议发展的重要性。她也请当天的另一位发言人、最高法负责指导性案例工作的郭锋法官考虑发布与“一带一路”倡议相关的指导性案例(见https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/amcham-converse-visit-tongzhou-court-food-chinese-drugs-mei-gechlik)。回顾2017年提出的这一建议,再看最高法今天迈出的一步,实在令人鼓舞。

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Graphic: Comparison of GC107 and the corresponding original judgment | 图片:指导案例107号和相应的原判决书的比较

Given the great importance of these BRI-associated GCs, in this issue of China Legislation Join (“CLC”), the CGCP has published its superior-quality bilingual edition of Guiding Case No. 107 (“GC107” Sinochem Global (Abroad) Pte. Ltd. v. ThyssenKrupp Metallurgical Solutions GmbH, A Dispute more than a Deal for the Global Sale and Acquire of Goods), alongside one another with explanatory endnotes and a part titled “CGCP Notes” that offers pertinent observations and translations of suitable legal provisions to deepen readers’ understanding of the GC.  Related bilingual variations of the other 5 BRI-associated GCs will be published in the remaining 2019 concerns of CLC.

鉴于这些与“一带一路”倡议相关的指导性案例的重要性,CGCP在本期的《中国法律连接》(“《中法连》”)出版了高质量的指导案例107号(《中化国际(新加坡)有限公司诉蒂森克虏伯冶金产品有限责任公司国际货物买卖合同纠纷案》)双语版。其中包括注释说明和标题为“CGCP备注”的部分,后者提供相关观察和法律规定的翻译,以加深读者对该指导性案例的理解。其他五个与“一带一路”倡议相关的指导性案例的类似双语版将于《中法连》2019年余下的三期中发表。

A exceptional contribution produced by the CGCP is the project’s comparison of GC107 with the final judgment which GC107 summarizes (see image earlier mentioned yellow highlights).  The comparison reveals how the SPC, by means of the planning of GC107, enhanced the reasoning of the original judgment and then laid out in the “Main Points of the Adjudication” part of GC107 clearer rules that judges managing related subsequent cases are expected to adhere to.  The following paragraph demonstrates portion of the “Main Points of the Adjudication” part of GC107:

CGCP做出的独特贡献是其对指导案例107号和它所总结的最终判决书的比较(见上图;黄色亮点部分)。该比较揭示了最高法如何通过指导案例107号的制作,改进了原判决书的说理部分,然后在指导案例107号的“裁判要点”部分中提供了更清晰的原则。法官处理类似的后续案件时,最高法是预计他们会遵循这些原则的。以下段落显示了指导案例107号“裁判要点”的一些内容:

2. In a agreement for the international sale and obtain of merchandise, if the merchandise delivered by the seller have flaws, [the circumstance] must not be regarded as a circumstance constituting a fundamental breach of the agreement as provided for in the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the Global Sale of Goods, so extended as the customer can, by means of realistic endeavours, use the merchandise or resell the merchandise. (emphasis added) | 在国际货物买卖合同中,卖方交付的货物虽然存在缺陷,但只要买方经过合理努力就能使用货物或转售货物,不应视为构成《联合国国际货物销售合同公约》规定的根本违约的情形。(强调后加)

Words and phrases in daring vary from those in the original, final judgment.  For additional discussion of the variances and the resulting implications for legal practice, see GC107.

粗体字的表述与原最终判决书中的表述不同。关于这些差异及其对法律实践的影响的更多讨论,请参阅指导案例107号。

The CGCP’s Worldwide Affect | CGCP的全球影响

The CGCP launched CLC in June 2018 to, amongst other aims, aid deepen the world’s understanding of China and Chinese law. The table demonstrates that given that the journal was launched, the full variety of our buyers has amplified by 31.2%, with the most impressive enhance getting spot in Africa (fifty six.five%) and Oceania (fifty five.nine%).  To date, our influence has been largely concentrated in the Americas and Asia.

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2018年6月,CGCP开始出版《中法连》,旨在达到不同的目标,包括帮助加深世界对中国和中国法律的认识。从图表可以看到,自期刊出版以来,我们的用户总数增加了31.2%,非洲(56.5%)和大洋洲(55.9%)增幅最大。迄今为止,我们的影响力主要集中于美洲和亚洲。

Belt & Road Guiding Cases Regulating AI AI and Courts Judicial Mediation | “一带一路”指导性案例;监管人工智能;人工智能与法院;司法调解 1

China Legislation Connect (Concern four): Judicial Mediation, Regulating AI, and AI and Courts | 《中国法律连接》(第4期):司法调解、监管人工智能、人工智能与法院

To go on expanding our affect about the environment, this issue of CLC offers a broader assortment of topics masking contributors’ analyses of well timed concerns and/or their experiences associated to China:

为了继续扩大我们在全球的影响力,本期《中法连》提供了更广泛的主题,涵盖了作者对及时问题的分析和/或其与中国相关的经验:

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From remaining to correct: Dr. PIAO Yanhong, Choose JIANG Heping, Mr. Eli-Shaoul Khedouri, and Professor Jeffrey S. Lubbers | 从左至右:朴艳红博士、江和平法官、Eli-Shaoul Khedouri先生、与杰弗瑞·拉博斯教授
  • The Use of Instances in Judicial Mediation — Based mostly on an Investigation of a Collection of Intellectual Property Disputes by PIAO Yanhong (Affiliate Exploration Fellow, School of Legislation, Sun Yat-Sen College) and Choose JIANG Heping (Main Choose of the Case Registration Division, The No. 2 People’s Courtroom of Dongguan Municipality, Guangdong Province). Based mostly on the practice of using courts’ cases in the mediation of intellectual property disputes, Dr. Piao and Choose Jiang clarify why cases can participate in an vital part in judicial mediation in China. | 案例在司法调解中的运用—基于知识产权系列案件的分析。作者是朴艳红博士(中国中山大学法学院副研究员)、江和平法官(中国广东省东莞市第二人民法院立案庭庭长)。朴博士、江法官以知识产权案件调解中运用案例的实务为基础,分析案例能在中国司法调解中发挥作用的原因。
  • Regulating Synthetic Intelligence by Eli-Shaoul Khedouri (CEO of Instinct Devices). A leading skilled in synthetic intelligence, Mr. Khedouri discusses the interplay of person values, social very good, and innovation in the context of a transformative shift in our means to engage with the environment, and the challenges posed to state actors attempting to control these developments. | 人工智能的监管。作者是Eli-Shaoul Khedouri(Intuition Machines首席执行官)。 Khedouri先生是人工智能领域公认的领导者。他讨论了在我们与世界互动的能力发生变革的背景下,个人价值观、社会公益和创新的相互影响,以及试图监管这些发展的国家行为者所面临的挑战。
  • A CGCP Interview that includes Professor Jeffrey S. Lubbers (Professor of the Practice of Administrative Legislation, Washington University of Legislation, American College).  The online video can be accessed by checking out CGCP ClassroomTM.  Professor Lubbers has had fascinating experiences associated to China and shared thoughtful comments. In particular, he observed: | CGCP 专访杰弗瑞×拉博斯教授(美国大学华盛顿法学院行政法实践教授)。拉博斯教授有很多与中国有关的有趣经历并分享了令人深思的评论。他特别提到以下观察:

I have been struck by how related the [Chinese] courts’ analyses in some cases (e.g., Guiding Case Nos. 21 and 40) are to those that would be done by American courts with related concerns. |在一些案例中(例如指导案例21号和40号),中国法院的分析与美国法院在类似问题上所进行的分析很相似,这让我很惊讶。

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Higher (from remaining to correct): Jia Quan, Jodie Ma, Kexin Yang, and Yuan Emily Cao Reduce: Dr. Gechlik (center), students from Stanford Legislation School, as well as instructors and students from four law educational facilities in China | 上图(由左至右):全嘉、马洋、杨可欣与曹原 ;下图:熊美英博士(中)、斯坦福法学院学生与来自中国四所法学院的学生

When the CGCP will help deepen the world’s understanding of China and Chinese law, it is also fully commited to schooling upcoming skilled leaders, as mirrored in two parts contributed by numerous CGCP members:

CGCP除了帮助加深世界对中国和中国法律的认识,它还致力于培训未来的专业领导者,这反映在一些CGCP成员所著作的两篇文章:

  • Guiding Case No. 40: Clarifying the Benchmarks for Determining Operate-Relevant Injuries and Its Significance by Jia Quan. Based mostly on her impressive investigation of nine subsequent cases that applied Guiding Case No. 40, Ms. Quan offers a apparent picture displaying how Chinese courts have benefitted from the efficient guidance provided by this GC.  (For a copy of the CGCP’s superior-quality bilingual edition of GC40, alongside one another with the project’s explanatory endnotes and “CGCP Notes” part,  see here) | 指导案例40号:明确工伤认定标准及其重要性。作者是全嘉。通过对九起明确运用指导案例40号的后续案件的深入分析,全嘉清楚地展示了中国法院如何从本指导案例所提供的有效指引得益。(CGCP指导案例40号的优质双语版本,连同CGCP说明注释及“CGCP备注”,可见于此)
  • Synthetic Intelligence and Courts in China by Jodie Ma, Kexin Yang, and Yuan Emily Cao. These 3 CGCP members clarify how speech recognition, image recognition, and awareness graph technology have been used in Chinese courts, and go over the resulting favourable modifications in many parts, such as litigation guidance, situation registration, trials, and doc processing. | 人工智能与中国法院。作者是马洋、杨可欣、曹原。这三位CGCP成员介绍了语音识别、图像识别和知识图谱技术在中国法院的具体应用,并讨论这些应用为导诉服务、立案、庭审和文书处理等工作所带来的积极变化。

Last but not least, the Information and Occasions part addresses Dr. Gechlik’s modern converse to law students from four Chinese law educational facilities and comments from some students.  DING Yi, a pupil from Peking College, shared the following:

最后,新闻和活动部分介绍了熊博士最近为四所中国法学院的学生作出的演讲和一些学生对该演讲的评论。北京大学学生丁乙作了如下分享:

The CGCP translates Guiding Instances [introduced by] the Supreme People’s Courtroom of China into English, enabling judges, attorneys, and students in distinctive international locations to analyze and remark.  This is also a type of supervision more than our judicial transparency, and is of good importance to increasing our judicial standards and capabilities.  […] Right after listening to Dr. Gechlik’s lecture currently, I imagine that this will be of particular “guidance” more than my scientific studies in the upcoming as well. | CGCP我国最高人民法院的指导性案例译成英文,供世界各国法官、律师和学者分析点评,这对于我们的司法公开也是一种监督,对于提高我国的司法能力水平具有重要意义。[…]今天听了熊博士的讲解,我想对于我日后的学习也有一定指导意义。

The March 2019 issue of CLC then ends with a piece of art titled “The Tidings of Spring” made by Mr. CHEN Xuncheng, a grasp of ceramic art. With extra patterns from Mr. Chen’s art to be highlighted in the other 3 2019 concerns of the journal, from now on our addresses will seem not only exquisite but “seasonal”.

2019年 3月这一期《中法连》以陶瓷艺术大师陈训成先生创作的名为《春讯》的艺术作品作结。随着《中法连》2019年余下三期的封面采用陈先生艺术作品的图案,我们的封面将看起来不仅优雅,也具“季节性”。

A Grant from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation & How to Acquire China Legislation Connect Online to Maintain the CGCP | 威廉与弗洛拉·休利特基金会的资助及如何在线购买《中国法律连接》以支持CGCP

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We hope you have been enjoying the insights and data shared by the CGCP by means of CLC and the project’s site.

我们希望您喜欢CGCP通过《中法连》和CGCP网站分享的见解和信息。

Like numerous other non-gain initiatives, the CGCP, which was launched in February 2011, is dealing with the problem of acquiring a extended-time period, continuous resource of resources to sustain its endeavours in addressing the most recent and most vital Chinese legal developments that matter to the environment.

如许多其他非盈利项目一样,创立于2011年2月的CGCP也面临着拥有长期、稳定的资金来源的挑战,以支持其应对事关世界的中国最新、最重要法律发展的努力。

Many thanks to a generous grant from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the CGCP site has been upgraded to let guests to obtain electronic copies of full concerns of CLC and/or select parts from earlier concerns for use in educating, exploration, and/or legal practice.  It is our sincere hope that we will be equipped to supply unique charges to educators and students in the in close proximity to upcoming. For additional data, make sure you visit the major site of the journal: https://cgc.law.stanford.edu/china-law-link.

由于威廉与弗洛拉·休利特基金会的慷慨资助,CGCP网站业已升级,让访问者购买《中法连》整册和/或载于早期《中法连》的个别文章的电子版,用于教学、研究和/或法律实践。我们真诚希望,不久的将来,能为教育工作者和学生提供优惠价。如需更多信息,请访问本期刊主页:https://cgc.law.stanford.edu/china-law-connect。

Last but not least, make sure you be aware that donors who donate $500 or additional for every calendar year to the CGCP will receive complimentary copies of CLC for that calendar year and precedence seats for invitation only situations. Please make your online donations here (https://cgc.law.stanford.edu/help-us/donate). E mail us ([email protected]) your donation receipt along with your mailing handle and e-mail handle. We will tell you by e-mail when your initial tricky copy of CLC is mailed.

最后,请注意每年捐赠至少500美元的捐赠者,可免费获得《中法连》纸本和受邀活动的优先席位。请访问https://cgc.law.stanford.edu/zh-hans/help-us/donate进行在线捐款。通过电子邮件([email protected])向我们发送您的捐款收据、邮寄地址及电子邮箱。我们将在您的第一份纸本《中法连》邮寄时通过电子邮件通知您。

We enjoy your help!

感谢您的支持!

 

Subscribe to CLC | 订阅《中法连》

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“Call for Submissions”, Submission Tips, Leveraging the CGCP’s Know-how |  “诚挚邀稿”、投稿指引、发挥CGCP专长

The CGCP is fully commited to continuing to publish an expanded assortment of in-depth traditional commentaries, China Cases InsightsTM, and Experts JoinTM pieces that spotlight the most up-to-date concerns associated to China and Chinese law.  For additional data about the topics for which we are currently accepting submissions, see our new Phone for Experts JoinTM Submissions at https://cgc.law.stanford.edu/event/clc-2019-call-for-submissions.  For additional data about how to submit, check out the Submissions Guidelines at https://cgc.law.stanford.edu/clc-submission-tips.

CGCP致力于继续发布更广泛深入的传统评论、中国案例透视TM和专家连接TM,突出与中国和中国法律有关的最新问题。有关我们目前正接受投稿的更多信息,请参见我们新的专家连接TM诚挚邀稿,https://cgc.law.stanford.edu/zh-hans/event/clc-2019-call-for-submissions/。有关如何投稿的更多信息,请访问https://cgc.law.stanford.edu/zh-hans/clc-submission-tips/查看投稿指引。

In addition to the earlier mentioned, we also welcome inquiries from legal professionals and specialists operating on authentic-environment cases that would advantage from references to GCs and associated cases about which the CGCP has skills.  If you are currently operating on a situation that requires reference to Chinese court cases, call us at [email protected] to go over how the CGCP could be equipped to aid fortify your legal arguments.

除此之外,对于正在处理实际案件的法律专业人士和专家,如果该案的处理可以从参考指导性案例及相关案例中获益,我们欢迎相关咨询。请通过[email protected]与我们联系。


Considering the fact that it was launched in February 2011 to aid China set up a additional clear and accountable judiciary, the CGCP has shared sizeable insights about the country’s Guiding Instances and associated developments, such as the Belt and Road Initiative. To go on getting messages that spotlight these insights, make sure you subscribe to our mailing list here.

To be part of us and supply your editorial guidance, make sure you apply to be portion of the CGCP team by following the instructions here.

A sizeable resource of our funding is person donors. Please make a gift to us currently and aid us advance our mission. Thank you for your help!

The CGCP thanks our sponsors, including Alston & Fowl LLP, Amer Asia Legislation, the Center for East Asian Experiments of Stanford College, China Fund of the Freeman Spogli Institute for Global Experiments of Stanford College, the Fu Tak Iam Foundation Restricted, Gridsum Holding Inc., the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, Karisma Institute, the McManis Wigh China Foundation, and Tencent Exploration Institute for their form and generous help.