June 24, 2024


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How Can Elon Musk Change Twitter Policy?

Elon Musk, the CEO of Tesla and self-explained “totally free-speech absolutist,” is now Twitter’s most significant shareholder. The working day right after he announced his obtain, he was appointed to Twitter’s board of directors.

Soon after these announcements, political conservatives flooded their Twitter feeds with phone calls for the reinstatement of former President Donald Trump’s Twitter account. Meanwhile, some Twitter employees lamented that Musk’s sights on no cost speech could weaken their work to make Twitter a place of healthful, civilized discourse.

Elon Musk might influence Twitter’s policies. But even as its most significant shareholder and board member, can he really alter them?

Twitter and Musk

Let’s start by using a appear at Twitter. Twitter is a publicly-traded firm with one class of stock. The top ten holders of Twitter stock own a put together percentage of 46%. There are 12 board associates. The CEO is Parag Agrawal. Twitter’s founder is Jack Dorsey. Each sit on the board.

Now let’s search at Elon Musk. Musk now holds 9.1% of Twitter’s shares. He too is a board member. When he disclosed his shares, Musk declared himself a “passive trader” in the organization. In accordance to the Securities and Trade Commission (SEC), the term “passive investor” refers to stockholders proudly owning a lot more than 5% of a company who should certify that:

  • They did not purchase the shares in an attempt to improve or control the corporation
  • They did not invest in the shares as section of a offer to adjust or impact the control of the firm

Passive investors will not have to observe a good deal of the requirements or post the paperwork that active buyers do.

Musk Does not Appear Fond of Twitter’s Speech Policy

Notwithstanding his SEC filings, Musk certainly just isn’t performing like a passive trader. In truth, his tweets advise that he is, in actuality, interested in influencing, if not altering, the company’s guidelines.

The SEC will seem at whether or not Musk follows the regulation, but assuming he has, the concern arises: Does Musk, as a main Twitter shareholder and board member, have the electricity to transform Twitter policy?

Board of Administrators

There are two strategies of searching at the dilemma. The initially is to concentration on Musk’s authorized electric power. A firm manages its organization less than the way of its board of directors. Whilst the company’s officers manage its working day-to-day affairs, directors make key decisions, including:

  • Appointing officers and environment their payment
  • Setting the insurance policies that officers employ, like all those relating to merchandise, companies, wages, and labor relations
  • Issuing new shares
  • Declaring dividends
  • Earning other fiscal and money improvements
  • Proposing remarkable matters, this kind of as mergers, acquisitions, or dissolutions

Restrictions on Board Powers

However, administrators do not have endless powers. Directors simply cannot act outdoors the company’s articles of incorporation. They cannot break the law. And some steps to start with involve shareholder acceptance, this kind of as amending the firm’s content articles or merging with a further organization.


The board functions by vote. Frequently, board customers have equal voting legal rights. In other text, it can be just one person, just one vote. Any action on the aspect of Twitter’s board calls for a the vast majority vote.

So exactly where does that go away Musk? He’s a person of twelve. As a board member, he can vote and serve on committees. But which is the extent of his electric power as a person director.


And when Musk owns a great deal of Twitter shares, his ability as a shareholder is also constrained. Shareholders have the electric power to have, acquire, and promote shares. They have the correct to examine corporation files. They also have the energy to vote at shareholder’s conferences centered on the selection of shares they very own. But which is it. Though Musk retains a lot of Twitter inventory, he seriously are not able to modify company policy on his personal with no owning a bulk of the stock.

What About Musk’s 90 Million Followers?

Which gets us to the next dilemma. Musk may well have restricted legal electrical power as a director and shareholder, but his authentic electric power lies in the point that he has virtually 90 million Twitter followers. He has large arrive at and is lively on his account. His followers are especially loyal.

Musk’s tweets transfer marketplaces. So a great deal so that he is bound by a 2018 consent decree to have legal professionals overview specific tweets prior to he sends them (Musk has asked a choose to terminate the decree).

The scope of his audience, not his company powers, offers Musk the capacity to influence, it’s possible modify, Twitter policy. If he does believe that that Twitter has been suppressing no cost speech, we may possibly stop up observing Trump back again on the system.

Similar Methods:

  • What Is Corporate Regulation? (FindLaw’s Find out About the Law)
  • Company Framework: From Directors to Shareholders (FindLaw’s Study About the Regulation)
  • Tesla’s Elon Musk Accuses SEC of Harassment, Damaged Promises, and Chilling Totally free Speech (FindLaw’s Follow of Legislation)

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