If New York Metropolis Mayor Jimmy Walker experienced not been so likable, he would undoubtedly have been branded a scoundrel.
Jimmy Walker was born in New York City’s Greenwich Village on June 19, 1881, the son of an Irish immigrant, who later became political shaker and mover in Tammany Hall. Walker attended Xavier Substantial Faculty, which is a navy school in Manhattan, and afterwards New York Legislation University.
However, Walker’s to start with adore was new music. Walker fell in with the Village’s bohemian group, and rather of practicing legislation, he turned to songwriting. Two of the music Walker wrote were: “There’s Audio In The Rustle Of A Skirt” and “Will You Enjoy Me in December As You Do in May?” The later on tune designed Walker a right away sensation in Tin Pan Alley, with it really is melodious chorus:
Will you love me in December as do in May,
Will you appreciate in the good aged fashioned way?
When my hair has all turned grey,
Will you kiss me then, and say,
That you like me in December as do in May well?
In 1910, owing to his father’s prodding, and with the impact of his mentor, Tammany Corridor titan Al Smith (later on Governor Smith), Walker ran, and was elected to the New York Condition Assembly, the place he served till 1914. Savoring the style of political energy, the now-ambitious Walker was then elected to the New York Point out Senate from 1914 to 1925. Walker was so common in the Senate, he was elected President professional tempore of the New York Point out Senate from 1923 to 1924.
During his time period in the Senate, Walker was normally smartly dressed and was imbued with a radiant, out-going mind-set. Walker was viewed as a bon vivant, who invested additional time bending his elbow in speakeasies, than he did basically serving his constituents in the Senate.
American journalist Robert Caro once explained Senator Walker as: “Pinch-waisted, 1-button match, slenderest of cravats, a shirt from a collection of hundreds, pearl-gray spats buttoned all-around silk-hosed ankles, toes of the toothpick sneakers peeking out from the spats polished to a gleam. Pixie smile, the ‘vivacity of a song and dance male,’ a attraction that made him get there n the Senate Chamber like a glad breeze’ The Prince Charming of Politics…..slicing by way of the ponderous arguments of the ponderous gentlemen who sat all-around him with a wit that flashed like a rapier. Beau James.”
In 1925, Al Smith, now Governor of New York, believed Walker would be the excellent mayor for New York Metropolis, a town now basking in the glow of the naughtiness of the Roaring 20’s. With Smith’s backing and back again space maneuvering, Walker moved to unseat the existing mayor John Harlan, who was viewed as really qualified, if not a bit stodgy. Smith’s largest roadblock was that Walker was acknowledged extra as a get together animal than he was as a wily politician. But “Beau James,” as he was now named in the push, promised Smith he would mend his wayward techniques, if he was elected to the prime place in city.
Harlan was a Democrat, and so was Walker, so Smith experienced to connect with in some of his superb chits in purchase for Walker to get the Democratic nomination. That mission completed, Walker’s future impediment was Republican-Fusion candidate Frank Waterman in the Mayoral election. Waterman fundamentally identified as Walker a crook, and reported that if Walker ended up elected mayor, the New York City Subway method would be immersed in corruption, mainly because of Walker’s crooked ties in Tammany Corridor. Walker laughed off Waterman’s remarks and said he was functioning as the “People’s Mayor,” simply because he cherished to do the same items the basic general public appreciated to do: gambling, and consuming illegal hootch throughout Prohibition.
Through his campaign, Walker boasted, “I like the organization of my fellow human beings. I like the theater and am devoted to balanced outside athletics. Simply because I like these factors, I have mirrored my perspective in some of my laws I have sponsored — 2.75 percent beer, Sunday baseball, Sunday videos, and legalized boxing. But permit me allay any panic there may well be that, since I feel in private liberty, healthful amusement and nutritious experienced sport, I will not countenance for a second any indecency or vice in New York.”
In a blur, Walker partied his way though his initially four decades as Mayor. The community was so in appreciate with the new Mayor, it hardly prompted a ripple when he still left his wife Janet for showgirl Betty Compton, who was 23 many years Walker’s junior. In 1928, Walker’s shenanigans misplaced him the favor of Al Smith, so Walker, the cool cat that he was, cozied up to the new Governor, Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had been elected Governor when Smith stepped down to operate for the Presidency against Republican Herbert Hoover. Just after losing to Hoover, Smith’s energy at Tammany Corridor was enormously diminished. Roosevelt was the new Democratic electrical power in New York Condition, and the wily Walker took gain of that simple fact.
That’s not to say Walker attained almost nothing in his very first phrase as Mayor. Walker did consolidate the New York City clinic process, obtained 1000’s of acres for park land (like Good Kills in Staten Island), and expanded the municipal bus system. The point that a couple of of his pals have been granted an special franchise to possess the town buses triggered not a ripple in Walker’s popularity. In fact, no a single claimed a word that Walker became basically a aspect-time Mayor. “Beau James” was rarely ever in City Corridor attending to business enterprise, and was as a substitute possibly at the racetrack, the fights, or carousing in 1 of the city’s 32,000 speakeasies. Even though having fun with the nightlife, Walker imbibed his share of illegal beverages. Walker’s beloved cocktail was a “Black Velvet,” which is champagne poured above the major of a hefty serving of Guinness stout.
In 1929, Walker was challenged by the fiery reformer Fiorello La Guardia. For the duration of just one heated discussion, LaGuardia was incensed that Walker experienced raised his personal wage from $25,00 a 12 months to $40,000 a year. Walked quipped again, “Hell, that is low-cost. Think about what I would be worth if I labored whole time.”
Walker chided La Guardia’s standing as a “reformer,” declaring, “Reformers are fellas who ride through a sewer in a glass base boat.” Meaning a savvy politician understood well more than enough to glance the other way when it was politically expedient to do so.
Walker failed to know it at the time, but the starting of his undoing was the stock sector crash of 1929. It was alright to act carefree and homosexual when the metropolis was experiencing financial progress, but when people today ended up out of perform, and some even starving, Walker’s satan-could-treatment angle began to put on thin.
Walker confronted his to start with authentic embarrassment, when in July of 1930, he and his gal-pal Compton ended up present when the police raided a gambling dwelling in Montauk, Prolonged Island. Even though men and women ended up getting lined up versus the wall and handcuffed, Walker informed the law enforcement one thing like, “Hey, I am the Mayor of New York Metropolis! You can not arrest the Mayor of New York Town!”
The law enforcement agreed, and they permit Walker go. But getting “The girlfriend of the Mayor of New York City” had no these kinds of pull. So the cops cuffed Compton, and led her to the neighborhood slammer. It took Walker a couple of hours to get to the appropriate folks, so that Compton could be unveiled.
Nonetheless, due to the fact the uncomfortable incident was noted in the press, it still left a major scar on Walker’s name, because it was evident, though people today were being starving and have been out of function, and often denied foodstuff and shelter, “Beau James” was getting a grand previous time for himself. And allow the metropolis of New York be damned.
Issues commenced to change bleak for Walker, when the Archbishop of New York, Cardinal Hayes, commenced having pot photographs at the Mayor. Hayes claimed that the decadence of New York City, which led to the stock market crash of 1929, was typically the fault of Mayor Walker, whose shady antics established a bad example for the rest of the town. Cardinal Hayes even accused Walker of on the lookout the other way when girlie publications were marketed by the hundreds on 42nd Avenue. Walker foolishly took on Cardinal Hayes when he fired again, “I hardly ever realized a lady who was hurt by a journal.”
Cardinal Hayes kept up his attacks on Walker, and soon the Cardinal’s rants arrived at the office environment of Roosevelt, who was readying himself to run for President of the United States. As a result, Roosevelt was not as well pleased with Mayor Walker, and was wanting for a way to rid himself of Walker’s political embarrassments.
Walker experienced just one foot in his political grave, and yet another foot on a banana peal, when he was summoned prior to the Seabury Committee, chaired by Justice Samuel Seabury, a cantankerous man certainly disgusted by Mayor Walker’s excesses. The Seabury Committee was fashioned to examine law enforcement and political corruption in New York Town.
On May well 25, 1932, Walker, dressed like he was heading out speakeasy-hopping, mounted the ways of the county courthouse in Reduced Manhattan. A throng of very well wishers clapped at his arrival, yelling, “Atta boy, Jimmy! You tell ’em Jimmy! Superior luck boyo!”
Walker flashed his million-dollar smile, and elevated his clasped palms above his head, like a expert boxer following profitable a combat. Then he entered the lion’s den and arrived deal with to deal with with Justice Seabury.
Proper off the bat, there was horrible pressure in between the two males, who couldn’t be far more unique in persona and in demeanor. About a two-day interval, Seabury spat his issues at Walker, and Walker fired back again with the utmost contempt. At a person position Walker yelled at Seabury, “You and Franklin Roosevelt are not likely to hoist oneself to the Presidency around my dead system.”
Though Seabury hammered really hard issues at Walker, it turned evident that “Beau James” had insulated himself from direct link to any political skulduggery. However, it was hugely embarrassing to Walker, when it was learned that there experienced been hard cash payments built to his girlfriend Betty Compton, following some related firms had been awarded beneficial contracts from the powers-that-be in New York Metropolis which bundled Walker,
In addition, Walker’s brother Dr. William H. Walker, who had a monopoly on Worker’s Payment statements, appeared to have banked about $500,000 in a four-12 months time period. Seabury uncovered evidence that William Walker experienced in simple fact padded numerous of the Workman’s Comp promises, and experienced secreted the big difference into his personal coffers.
Even however Seabury could not pin a single illegal act on Mayor Walker himself, it was apparent that Walker had been blasted with political blows he could hardly ever recover from. As a outcome of the Seabury investigation, Seabury penned a recommendation to Governor Roosevelt which stated that Walker need to be eradicated from workplace for “gross improprieties and other circumstances of political malfeasance.”
Governor Roosevelt was just months away from the Presidential elections. And considering the fact that Walker even now experienced legions of supporters in New York City, Roosevelt wasn’t absolutely sure what was the ideal way to tackle the Walker condition, Walker took Roosevelt off the hook, when on September 1, 1932 he introduced his resignation from the business of the Mayor of New York City.
Within days, Walker hopped on a cruise ship to Europe, accompanied by his showgirl girlfriend Betty Compton. In 1933, Walker divorced his spouse and married Compton. For three a long time, Walker invested his self-imposed exile in London with Compton When he returned to New York Metropolis, La Guardia was the Mayor, and Walker was out of politics for superior.
Shunned by the political arena, Walker returned to his initial like – the audio marketplace — and he became head of Majestic Documents, a large-band document label that bundled such popular musicians like Louie Prima and Bud Freeman. In 1946, two several years just after he assumed handle of Majestic Documents, Walker died of a mind hemorrhage and the age of sixty-5. Walker was buried in the Gates of Heaven Cemetery in Hawthorne, New York.
In 1957, comedian and music-and-dance-gentleman Bob Hope starred in a motion picture dependent on Walker’s everyday living identified as “Beau James.” The movie was centered on a biography of Walker, also titled “Beau James,” penned by Gene Fowler. This reserve was also employed as the foundation for “Jimmy,” a Broadway play about Walker, that ran from Oct 1969 to January 1970. In “Jimmy,” Frank Gorshin performed Walker and Anita Gillette performed Betty Compton.
In the 1959 Broadway musical “Fiorello!,” the song “Gentleman Jimmy,” was devoted to New York City’s Midnight Mayor — Jimmy Walker.